Matron Head Large Cent

Finally, the one cent denomination found some stability in design with the arrival of the Matron Head or Coronet Head Large Cents. The design was adopted following a one year hiatus in production which resulted from a disruption in the supply of planchets due to the War of 1812. With the planchet supply resumed, a new design by Robert Scot was adopted with an alternate rendition of Liberty.

matronhead-large-cent

While some may not feel that the design was a vast improvement on earlier ones, it did stand the test of time and remained in use for more than two decades, and more than three decades following some modifications performed by Christian Gobrecht. The obverse featured a peculiar portrait of Liberty facing left and wearing a headband. There are a pattern of stars surrounding and the date below. The reverse contained a wreath carried over from the previous series with “United States of America” surrounding and “One Cent” within the center. The design would be modified starting in 1836 to feature a “young head” of Liberty.



Production would take place in large quantities for more years of the series with some notable exceptions. All coins were struck on planchets of pure copper with a weight of 10.89 grams and diameter of approximately 29 mm.

  • For the Matron Head Cent series:
  • There are 24 different date issues that were minted between 1816 and 1839.
  • During this time, total production reached 62,823,073 pieces.
  • The lowest reported mintage occurred in 1821, although a lower unreported mintage is suspected to have occurred in 1823.
  • The highest mintage was 6,370,200 pieces in 1838.
  • Average production per year was 2,731,438.

Matron Head Cent Mintages

1816 2,820,982
1817 3,948,400
1818 3,167,000
1819 2,671,000
1820 4,407,550
1821 389,000
1822 2,072,339
1823 unkown
1824 1,262,000
1825 1,461,100
1826 1,517,425
1827 2,357,732
1828 2,260,624
1829 1,414,500
1830 1,711,500
1831 3,359,260
1832 2,362,000
1833 2,739,000
1834 1,855,100
1835 3,878,400
1836 2,111,000
1837 5,558,300
1838 6,370,200
1839 3,128,661


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